The RHT 1850 Treaty.

Read Treaty

September 9th, 1850

The Robinson-Huron Treaty was signed on September 9, 1850 on Whitefish Island in Baawating (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario).

The Parties.

The Lake Huron Anishinabe Chiefs and Principle Men entered into treaty with the Honourable William Benjamin Robinson on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen (the British Crown).

Key Elements of the RHT 1850

Land Set Aside for the Exclusive Use of the Anishinabe


The treaty guaranteed that each community would continue to occupy unceded lands for their exclusive use, lands suitable for their people, including future generations, to live as they always had. In other words, the governance and economies of the First Nations was to be maintained unaffected by the settlement of Europeans around them.

Hunting and Fishing Rights Guaranteed


Traditional harvesting rights were guaranteed. All Anishinabe members of the treaty were to have unrestricted access to hunt and fish as they always had throughout their traditional territories.

Treaty Annuities


To compensate for the sharing of land and resources due to European settlement and to share in the wealth created within First Nation territories, a perpetual annuity was guaranteed as an annual payment to the beneficiaries. An escalator provision was included in the Treaty to anticipate annuity increases when resource revenues increased.